The Games took place from September 8 to 17 with two major innovations. Firstly, the participation of women for the first time in this fifth edition. The presence of women is still very timid as it only concerned 38 athletes participating in some athletics disciplines (6 events) and in swimming (3 events). It was very symbolic because the rest of the participants were 1,211 men who came from 12 countries. The second innovation was the implementation of doping controls that would become systematic in the future. Twelve countries took part in the games; Algeria, which had become independent, participated for the first time, while Egypt and Syria, weakened by the Six-Day War, did not accept the invitation. Mohammed Gammoudi performed his traditional 5000-10000m double, while gymnasts Franco Menichelli (ITA) and Miroslav Cerar (YUG) won seven medals. To host this edition, the Tunisians built the El Menzah sports complex, which accommodated a large number of the events. Once again, it was Italy which, as usual, took part with a very competitive team and completed these Games with 83 medals, way ahead of the other delegations.